Publishing Policies

Open Access Policy

This journal (as all journals published by JMIR Publications) provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge and accelerates research. Copyright is retained by the authors and articles can be freely used and distributed by others. Articles are distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work, first published by JMIR Publications, is properly cited. The complete bibliographic information (authors, title, journal, volume/issue, articleID), a link to the original publication (URL), as well as this copyright and license information ("Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution cc-by 4.0") must be included.

Please do not contact the publisher for "reprint permission" requests etc. because by default this permission has already been given by authors (under the condition of attribution of the original source) and the publisher does NOT own the copyright for the material published, rather, the authors keep the copyright, unless stated otherwise.